Types of Skin Pigmentation and It’s Various Treatments

As specialists in Dermal Skin Therapy based in Australia, we are committed to providing comprehensive treatments that cater to the diverse needs of our clients. One common concern many individuals face is skin pigmentation, which can manifest in various forms on the face and other parts of the body. In this article, we will explore the different types of skin pigmentation and the various treatment options available to address them effectively.

Understanding Types of Skin Pigmentation:

1. Melasma:

  • Melasma is a common form of hyperpigmentation characterised by brown or grey patches on the face, particularly on the cheeks, forehead, and upper lip.
  • It is often triggered by hormonal changes, sun exposure, or genetic factors.
  • Treatment options may include topical creams containing hydroquinone, kojic acid, or retinoids, as well as procedures such as chemical peels or laser therapy.

2. Sunspots (Solar Lentigines):

  • Sunspots, also known as age spots or liver spots, are darkened areas of skin caused by prolonged sun exposure.
  • They typically appear on areas of the skin that are frequently exposed to the sun, such as the face, hands, shoulders, and arms.
  • Treatment options may include topical bleaching agents, cryotherapy, chemical peels, or laser therapy to lighten and fade the pigmented areas.

3. Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH):

  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation occurs as a result of injury or inflammation to the skin, such as acne, insect bites, or trauma.
  • It presents as darkened patches or spots that develop in areas of previous skin inflammation or injury.
  • Treatment may involve topical treatments like hydroquinone, corticosteroids, or retinoids, as well as procedures such as microdermabrasion, chemical peels, or fractional laser therapy.

4. Freckles:

  • Freckles are small, flat spots of pigmentation that appear on the skin, typically in areas exposed to the sun.
  • They are caused by an increase in melanin production triggered by sun exposure or genetic factors.
  • While freckles are harmless, some individuals may seek treatments such as topical bleaching agents or laser therapy for cosmetic reasons.

5. Birthmarks:

  • Birthmarks are coloured spots or patches that are present on the skin from birth or develop shortly after.
  • They can vary in size, shape, and colour, and may be flat or raised.
  • Treatment options for birthmarks depend on the type and location, and may include laser therapy, surgical excision, or cosmetic camouflage techniques.

Treatment Options for Skin Pigmentation:

1. Topical Treatments:

  • Topical creams containing ingredients such as hydroquinone, retinoids, kojic acid, or corticosteroids can help lighten pigmented areas and even out skin tone.
  • These creams work by inhibiting melanin production, promoting cell turnover, and reducing inflammation in the skin.

2. Chemical Peels:

  • Chemical peels involve the application of a chemical solution to the skin to exfoliate the top layers and reveal smoother, more even-toned skin underneath.
  • Different types of chemical peels, such as alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), beta hydroxy acids (BHAs), or trichloroacetic acid (TCA), may be used depending on the severity of pigmentation and desired results.

3. Laser Therapy:

  • Laser therapy utilises targeted beams of light energy to break up excess melanin deposits in the skin and stimulate collagen production.
  • Various types of lasers, including fractional lasers, Q-switched lasers, or intense pulsed light (IPL) devices, may be used to treat different types of pigmentation and achieve optimal results.

4. Cryotherapy:

  • Cryotherapy involves the application of extreme cold to the skin using liquid nitrogen to destroy unwanted pigmented cells.
  • It is commonly used to treat sunspots, actinic keratoses, and other superficial pigmentation issues.


At Derme Clinique, we understand the impact that skin pigmentation can have on your confidence and overall well-being. That’s why we offer a range of advanced treatments tailored to address various types of pigmentation concerns effectively. Whether you’re dealing with melasma, sunspots, or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, our team of experienced skin care professionals is here to help you achieve clearer, more radiant skin. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and take the first step towards transforming your skin.

Frequently Asked Question

How can I determine the type of pigmentation on my face?

It’s essential to consult with a dermatologist or skincare professional to accurately diagnose the type of pigmentation on your face. They can conduct a thorough skin analysis and recommend appropriate treatments based on your specific concerns.

Is skin pigmentation treatment safe?

When performed by qualified professionals, skin pigmentation treatments are generally safe and effective. However, it’s essential to follow pre- and post-treatment instructions carefully and undergo procedures at reputable clinics to minimise risks and achieve optimal results.

Are there any side effects associated with skin pigmentation treatments?

Some common side effects of skin pigmentation treatments may include temporary redness, swelling, itching, or mild discomfort at the treatment site. These side effects typically subside within a few days to a week following the procedure.

What are the treatment options for skin pigmentation?

Treatment options for skin pigmentation vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. Common treatments include topical creams or serums containing ingredients like hydroquinone, retinoids, or vitamin C, chemical peels, laser therapy, intense pulsed light (IPL) therapy, and cryotherapy.

How long does it take to see results from skin pigmentation treatments?

The timeline for seeing results varies depending on the treatment method used and the individual’s skin type and condition. While some treatments may yield noticeable improvements within a few weeks, others may require multiple sessions spaced several weeks apart for optimal results.