Chemical Peels: Understanding the Types and Their Uses

At Derme Clinique, we are dedicated to providing advanced skincare solutions to our clients in Perth. From laser skin care to chemical peels, our services are designed to address various skin concerns and enhance the overall health and appearance of your skin.

What are Chemical Peels?

Chemical peels are cosmetic treatments that involve applying a chemical solution to the skin. This solution exfoliates and removes dead skin cells, promoting the growth of new, healthier skin cells, resulting in smoother, more radiant skin. Chemical peels are commonly used to improve the appearance of the skin on the face, neck, and hands.

Types of Chemical Peels

A. Superficial Peels:

Superficial peels are the mildest form of chemical peels and involve the use of gentle acids such as glycolic, salicylic, and lactic acids. They target the outermost layer of the skin, exfoliating dead cells and promoting cell turnover. They are suitable for treating minor skin concerns and require minimal downtime.

B. Medium Peels:

Medium peels penetrate deeper into the skin than superficial peels and are often used to address moderate skin imperfections such as sun damage, fine lines, and acne scars. Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) peels and Jessner’s peels are common types of medium peels, providing more significant results than superficial peels.

C. Deep Peels:

Deep peels are the most aggressive type of chemical peel and can penetrate several layers of the skin. Phenol peels are a potent form of deep peel that is highly effective in treating severe skin imperfections such as deep wrinkles, pronounced sun damage, and certain types of acne scars. Deep peels require longer recovery times and are typically performed under sedation.

Uses and Benefits of Chemical Peels

Chemical peels offer a range of benefits for the skin, including:

  • Treating acne and acne scars
  • Reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles
  • Improving skin tone and texture
  • Minimising hyperpigmentation and sun damage
  • Stimulating collagen production for firmer, more youthful-looking skin

Preparing for a Chemical Peel

Before undergoing a chemical peel, it is essential to prepare your skin by following pre-treatment instructions provided by your skincare specialist. This may include avoiding sun exposure, discontinuing certain skincare products, and taking prescribed medications to prepare the skin for the peel.

Aftercare and Recovery

  • Immediate Post-Treatment Care

After undergoing a chemical peel, immediate post-treatment care is crucial for achieving the best possible results. Your skincare specialist will provide specific instructions tailored to the type of peel you receive. Generally, it is essential to apply soothing creams or ointments to the treated area. These products help to calm the skin, reduce irritation, and promote healing. Following your specialist’s advice on which products to use can significantly impact your recovery process.

  • Avoiding Sun Exposure

Sun exposure can be particularly harmful following a chemical peel. The newly exposed skin is more sensitive to UV radiation, which can lead to complications such as hyperpigmentation and delayed healing. It is advisable to avoid direct sunlight as much as possible. When you must go outside, applying a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 is critical. Wearing protective clothing and a wide-brimmed hat can also provide additional protection for your sensitive skin.

  • Gentle Cleansing

Cleansing your skin gently is another important aspect of post-chemical peel care. Harsh scrubbing or using abrasive products can irritate the treated area and slow down the healing process. Opt for a mild, non-abrasive cleanser as recommended by your skincare specialist. Gently pat the skin dry with a soft towel rather than rubbing it. This approach helps maintain the skin’s integrity and supports its natural healing process.

  • Managing Redness and Peeling

Experiencing redness, swelling, and peeling after a chemical peel is entirely normal. These side effects typically subside within a few days to a week, depending on the peel’s depth and your skin’s sensitivity. To manage these symptoms, you can apply cool compresses to reduce swelling and discomfort. Over-the-counter pain relievers may also be recommended by your specialist if needed. It’s important to avoid picking or peeling off the skin, as this can lead to scarring and other complications.

  • Hydration and Moisturisation

Keeping your skin hydrated and moisturised is vital during the recovery phase. Drinking plenty of water helps to keep your skin hydrated from within while applying a gentle, hydrating moisturiser can support the outer layers. Look for products that are free of fragrances and harsh chemicals, as these can further irritate your skin. Your skincare specialist can recommend suitable moisturisers that will not interfere with the healing process.

  • Follow-Up Appointments

Regular follow-up appointments with your skincare specialist are essential to monitor your skin’s progress after a chemical peel. These appointments allow your specialist to assess the healing process, address any concerns, and make necessary adjustments to your aftercare routine. They can also provide additional treatments or products to enhance your results and ensure your skin continues to heal effectively.

  • Patience and Realistic Expectations

It’s important to have patience and realistic expectations during the recovery period. While chemical peels can deliver significant improvements in skin texture and tone, the full benefits may take several weeks to become apparent. Adhering to your specialist’s aftercare instructions and giving your skin time to heal will help you achieve the best possible outcome.


Chemical peels are a versatile and effective treatment option for improving the health and appearance of the skin. At Derme Clinique, our experienced skincare specialists are dedicated to providing safe and effective chemical peel treatments tailored to your unique needs. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and discover how chemical peels can help you achieve your skincare goals.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can chemical peels be performed on all skin types?

Chemical peels are suitable for most skin types, but some may require special considerations. Your dermatologist will assess your skin and recommend the appropriate peel type and strength for optimal results and safety.

Are chemical peels painful?

While some patients may experience a mild tingling or stinging sensation during the peel application, discomfort is usually minimal and well-tolerated. Your dermatologist can provide options to manage any discomfort during the procedure.

How long does it take to see results after a chemical peel?

The timing of results varies depending on the type of peel and individual skin response. Some peels may yield immediate improvements in skin texture and tone, while others may require multiple sessions for noticeable changes. Your dermatologist will discuss expectations during your consultation.

Can I wear makeup after a chemical peel?

It’s typically recommended to avoid makeup immediately after a chemical peel to allow the skin to heal properly. Your dermatologist will provide post-treatment instructions, including when it’s safe to resume wearing makeup and choosing products that won’t irritate the skin.

Are there any risks or side effects associated with chemical peels?

While chemical peels are generally safe when performed by a qualified professional, some potential risks include redness, swelling, peeling, and temporary changes in skin